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협동과정 농림기상학전공 /조경·지역시스템공학부 공동 초청 세미나
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2016-06-15
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187


협동과정 농림기상학전공 /조경·지역시스템공학부
공동 초청 세미나


Climate Adaptation in the City: Heat Mitigation and Health

Jennifer Vanos, PhD.
Assistant Professor of Atmospheric Science
Climate Science Center Faculty Associate
Department of Geosciences
Texas Tech University


Venue: Lecture room 3220 윤대섭 강의실(CALS, Building 200 in SNU)
Date: June 15th, Wednesday, 2:00 PM


Heat mitigation for health is a topic of increasing concern as the world’s cities grow and as the climate warms due to global and urban heat island warming processes. Differential exposures to multiple related hazards, such as air pollution, extreme heat, and global radiation, play critical roles in determining health impacts to vulnerable populations in urban areas. Observations are needed that provide data at the scale of human experience and influence. Microclimate variations within cities can significantly affect the thermal comfort, health, and well-being of humans, and provide critical information for urban adaptation measures to mitigate urban heating and related exposures both now and in the future.
This presentation will focus on methods and applications of urban microclimate observations to understand human-scales of exposure to extreme heat, radiation, and air pollution. An overview will be provided on urban climate research, presenting examples of fieldwork and modeling from the city-scale to micro- and touch-scales??the most relevant scales influencing humans. Results will be presented that quantify the solar radiation effects on urban heating and human heat stress, specifically evaluating the role of meteorological instrumentation in providing accurate observations with respect to a given application. These results connect to ongoing surface temperature research addressing multiscalar observations (in situ and remotely sensed) and health effects of heat in complex urban areas in Phoenix, Arizona, and new work in Seoul, South Korea.
Findings demonstrating extreme surface temperatures strongly motivate new touch-scale urban temperature research, and the provision that bioclimatic design principles using effective shade and green space should have a central position in urban heat mitigation strategies. Finally, an overview will be provided on novel research applications of low-cost personal monitoring of air pollution, temperature, and ultraviolet radiation. These sensors can provide improved spatiotemporal assessments of air quality and human health effects in our constantly changing urban environments. With spatially relevant data, we can provide accurate information to end users and decisions makers to guide current or future design strategies specific to urban heat island mitigation and adaptation strategies.
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다음글
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